Scoliosis

Continuo a scrivere alcuni post (con materiale preso dal web) dedicati ad argomenti di medicina che mi coinvolgono personalmente in seguito all’interesse che suscitano in me.

Scoliosis (/ˌsklɪˈsɪs/;[1] from Ancient Greek: σκολίωσις skoliosis “bending”[2]) is a common medical condition in which a person’s spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation.[3] Although it is a complex three-dimensional condition, on an X-ray, viewed from the rear, the spine of an individual with scoliosis can resemble an “S” or a “C”, rather than a straight line.[4]

Scoliosis is typically classified as either congenital (caused by vertebral anomalies present at birth), idiopathic (cause unknown, sub-classified as infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adult, according to when onset occurred), or secondary to a primary condition.[5]

Secondary scoliosis can be the result of a neuromuscular condition (e.g., spina bifida, cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy, or physical trauma) or syndromes such as Chiari malformation.[5]

Recent longitudinal studies reveal that the most common form of the condition, late-onset idiopathic scoliosis, causes little physical impairment other than back pain and cosmetic concerns, even when untreated, with mortality rates similar to the general population.[6][7] Older beliefs that untreated idiopathic scoliosis necessarily progresses into severe (cardiopulmonary) disability by old age have been refuted by later studies.[8] The rarer forms of scoliosis pose risks of complications such as heart and lung problems. Scoliosis is a lifelong condition; management of the condition includes treatments such as bracing, physical therapy and surgery.

(Source: Wikipedia)



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